The process of Globalisation has been around for centuries. However, the term Globalisation only surfaced roughly two decades ago. Even when the term became prominent among society, it was always difficult to define as it is such a broad term that spans many avenues.
The Oxford Dictionary defines Globalisation as “…the process by which businesses or other organisations develop international influence or start operating on an international scale”. Moreover, Authors’ Michael O’Shaughnessy and Jane Stadler define Globalisation as an “international community” shaped by “technological development and economic, political, and military interests”. As demonstrated in the above quotes, there are variations on the term Globalisation which leaves the term open to speculation. With factors such as Technological advancements (i.e mobile phones, internet) having a significant impact on the world, people are now starting recognise that Globalisation can have both positive and negative affects.
Over time, Globalisation has had many positive affects on the world. As the creation of the internet has enabled us to communicate with anyone, anywhere, anytime, at the touch of a button, there is now more access to foreign culture such as music, clothing, food and films. For example, the rapid increase in popularity of Japanese anime, Bollywood films and Bhangra music, etc. Additionally, due to Globalisation, competition in business between countries has increased. This has forced companies to lower their prices and encourages them to produce innovate and creative products. As more money is pumped into developing countries, they are able to receive the benefits of current technologies and people are given a greater chance to economically succeed and increase their standard of living. Furthermore, the Governments of all the nations are offered the chance to work together towards common goals. There is now a global awareness of issues and if all the governments of different countries were able to unite it would benefit society on a global scale. Although there are many benefits of globalisation, there are also disadvantages.
One disadvantage of globalisation is Outsourcing. While it does indeed provide jobs to a population in one country, it proceeds to remove those jobs from another country, leaving many people without income and opportunities. Another disadvantage is decreased diversity. Even though cultures from around the globe are now more connected and are able to interact, they begin to become similar and the individuality of each culture may begin to disappear. Slowly, cultures may begin to merge. Furthermore, there is a higher chance of diseases (For example, the Ebola virus) spreading worldwide, as well as invasive species (For example, Cane Toads in Australia) which are extremely damaging to non-native ecosystems. Hence, the disadvantages of globalisation may lead to devastating events in the future.
Therefore, Globalisation as a process has both positive and negative impacts on the world and the people that live in it. However, Globalisation as a term remains broad, undefined and open to perspective. The youtube clip below further illustrates the speculation that revolves around Globalisation.